Buy Handlebars swag on DevSwag!
Using the Handlebars precompiler, you can precompile your Handlebars templates to save time on the client and reduce the required runtime size of the handlebars library.

Getting Started

First, you will need to install node and npm. On OS X:
$ brew install node
This assumes you already have Homebrew installed. If not, install it first.
Next, install the Handlebars npm package.
$ npm install handlebars -g
Using the -g flag installs the package globally, so it can be used in any project.
Now, you're ready to use the precompiler:
$ handlebars <input> -f <output>
The compiler will insert templates in Handlebars.templates. If your input file is person.handlebars, the compiler will insert it at Handlebars.templates.person. This template will be a function that may be directly executed in the same manner as templates compiled locally. I.e.
Handlebars.templates.person(context, options);
If you're working with precompiled templates, you don't need to ship the compiler with your deployed application. Instead, you can use the smaller "runtime" build.
<script src="/libs/handlebars.runtime.js"></script>
In addition to reducing the download size, eliminating client-side compilation will significantly speed up boot time, as compilation is the most expensive part of Handlebars.


Because you are precompiling templates, you can also apply several optimization to the compiler. The first allows you to specify a list of the known helpers to the compiler
handlebars <input> -f <output> -k each -k if -k unless
The Handlebars compiler will optimize accesses to those helpers for performance.
When all helpers are known at compile time, the --knownOnly option provides the smallest generated code that also provides the fastest execution.


Usage: node ./bin/handlebars [template|directory]...

  -f, --output         Output File
  --map                Source Map File                                                    [string]  [default: undefined]
  -a, --amd            Exports amd style (require.js)
  -c, --commonjs       Exports CommonJS style, path to Handlebars module                                 [default: null]
  -h, --handlebarPath  Path to handlebar.js (only valid for amd-style)                                     [default: ""]
  -k, --known          Known helpers
  -o, --knownOnly      Known helpers only
  -m, --min            Minimize output
  -n, --namespace      Template namespace                                              [default: "Handlebars.templates"]
  -s, --simple         Output template function only.
  -N, --name           Name of passed string templates. Optional if running in a simple mode. Required when operating
                       on multiple templates.
  -i, --string         Generates a template from the passed CLI argument.
                       "-" is treated as a special value and causes stdin to be read for the template value.
  -r, --root           Template root. Base value that will be stripped from template names.
  -p, --partial        Compiling a partial template
  -d, --data           Include data when compiling
  -e, --extension      Template extension.                                                       [default: "handlebars"]
  -b, --bom            Removes the BOM (Byte Order Mark) from the beginning of the templates.
  -v, --version        Prints the current compiler version
  --help               Outputs this message
If using the precompiler's normal mode, the resulting templates will be stored to the Handlebars.templates object using the relative template name sans the extension. These templates may be executed in the same manner as templates.
If using the simple mode the precompiler will generate a single javascript method. To execute this method it must be passed to the Handlebars.template method and the resulting object may be used as normal.

Precompiling Templates Inside NodeJS

If you wish to precompile templates from inside NodeJS--without invoking "handlebars" from the command line--that can be done with Handlebars.precompile. Transmit the string result of this function to your clients, and they can in turn parse that with Handlebars.template.
var template = "<div>whatever {{ name }}</div>";
var Handlebars = require("handlebars");
var compiled = Handlebars.precompile(template);
On the client side you have Javascript along the lines of the following.
var template = Handlebars.template, templates = Handlebars.templates = Handlebars.templates || {};

Handlebars.partials["test1"] = template({"compiler":[7,">= 4.0.0"],"main":function(container,depth0,helpers,partials,data) {
  var helper;

  return "<div>whatever "
  + container.escapeExpression(((helper = (helper = || (depth0 != null ? : depth0)) != null ? helper : helpers.helperMissing),(typeof helper === "function" ? != null ? depth0 : (container.nullContext || {}),{"name":"name","hash":{},"data":data}) : helper)))
  + "</div>";
Finally, you can reference these templates dynamically in your Javascript.
var result = Handlebars.partials["test1"]({name : "yourname"});
//do whatever you want with the result
Found a documentation issue? Tell us!
Fork me on GitHub